Micronutrients-The Paleolithic diet has many more micronutrients (vitamins, mineral deposits, antioxidants) than does indeed the NA diet. Vitamin consumption was around three times that of today in the Paleolithic because of the high consumption of fruits and vegetables. Similarly intake of Zn, Ca, K and Fe was much higher in the Paleolithic. Only sodium as well as perhaps iodine are used much more today. Sodium use is approximately eight times that of the Paleolithic which overabundance of Na along with an very low consumption of all minerals and vitamins not surprisingly has serious repercussions for health.
Food in Antiquity: A Survey of the Diet of Early Individuals (Expanded Release) by Don R. Brothwell and Patricia Brothwell is a study of what is known archaeologically about drink and food in pre-modern times. The chapter on insects includes their food value. In drinks it covers what goes on to a neglected jar of fruit juice. Under cannibalism it shows proof this being done in paleo times, thought almost all of the work targets the classical and near-eastern civilizations, but occasional mention is made of the mesoamerican ethnicities as well. There exists taxonomic and anatomical information.
Twenty-nine male IHD patients with impaired blood sugar tolerance or diabetes type 2, and waist circumference > 94 cm, were randomized to ad libitum consumption of an Paleolithic diet (n = 14) predicated on lean meat, fish, fruit, fruit and vegetables, root vegetables, eggs, and nut products, or a Mediterranean-like diet (n = 15) based on wholegrains, low-fat milk products, vegetables, fruit, fish, and oils and margarines during 12 weeks. In parallel with a four day weighed food record the individuals recorded their subjective score of satiety. Satiety Quotients were calculated, as the intra-meal quotient of change in satiety during meals and consumed energy or weight of drink and food to the specific meal. Leptin and leptin receptor was assessed at baseline and after 6 and 12 weeks. Free leptin index was determined as the percentage leptin/leptin receptor.
Diversity-The Kibale chimpanzees consumed around 102 types (and possibly many more) of crops either by means of berry or leaves. I don't mean to be picky, but how many species of plants are in your local Complete Foods? And 20 different varieties of apples continues to be one kinds of apple. Real human ancestors, in a globe with limited food resources, probably were just like fungible with the choices in flower foods as chimps. Modern humans just aren't.